Managing Blood Sugar Levels – Diabetes is a growing health concern around the world, with an estimated 425 million people living with the disease. One of the most important aspects of managing diabetes is controlling blood sugar levels.
In this article, we will explore the causes of high blood sugar, the risks associated with uncontrolled diabetes, and strategies for managing blood sugar levels.
What Causes High Blood Sugar?
High blood sugar, or hyperglycemia, is caused by a lack of insulin or an inability of the body to use insulin effectively. Certain medications, such as corticosteroids and beta blockers, can also contribute to high blood sugar. Unhealthy eating habits and a lack of physical activity can also lead to high blood sugar.
Risks of Uncontrolled Diabetes
High blood sugar levels can lead to a number of serious health complications, including. Cardiovascular disease, which is the leading cause of death among people with diabetes.
Kidney damage, which can lead to kidney failure. Nerve damage, which can cause tingling, pain, and numbness in the hands and feet. Vision loss, which can occur as a result of diabetic retinopathy.
Managing Blood Sugar Levels
The key to managing blood sugar levels is to find a balance between medication, diet, and exercise. Medications, such as insulin or oral diabetes drugs, can help lower blood sugar levels.
Eating a healthy diet that is low in sugar and carbohydrates can also help control blood sugar levels. Regular physical activity, such as walking or cycling, can also help lower blood sugar levels.
Tips for Managing Blood Sugar Levels
Monitor your blood sugar levels regularly, as directed by your healthcare provider. Carry a quick-acting source of sugar, such as glucose tablets, with you in case of a low blood sugar emergency.
Plan your meals in advance and stick to a consistent eating schedule. Avoid sugary drinks and foods, such as soda and candy. Keep track of your A1C, a measure of your average blood sugar levels over the past 3 months.
Managing blood sugar levels is essential for people with diabetes to avoid serious health complications.
By understanding the causes of high blood sugar, the risks associated with uncontrolled diabetes, and effective strategies for managing blood sugar levels, you can take control of your diabetes and live a healthy, happy life.